Climatic Change and the Socioeconomic Sustainability of the Paddy Farmers in Malaysia
Alam, M.M., Siwar, C., Talib, B., and Jaafar, A.H. 2013. Climate Change and the Socioeconomic Sustainability of the Paddy Farmers in Malaysia, Natural Science, Vol. 5(1A), pp. 163-166
6 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2017
Date Written: 2013
The changing nature of climatic factors has different impacts on agriculture based areas, periods and crops. Farmers are the most vulnerable group who are affected both directly and indirectly through climatic changes. In the study area in Malaysia, climatic changes have adverse impacts on farmers. Due to climatic change, productivity and profitability of paddy cultivation have declined in the Integrated Agricultural Development Area, North-West Selangor. Farmers perceive that paddy cultivation is no longer profitable due to low productivity as a result of climatic changes. They now prefer full-time to part-time engagement in paddy cultivation. Heavy government subsidy and encouragement are not enough; it requires increase in productivity and profitability of paddy cultivation for making it a viable and sustainable sector. All efforts of mitigation and adaptation must be pursued to counter the adverse impacts of climatic changes and increase the productivity of paddy cultivation in the area. It is observed that there is a high degree of income inequality among the paddy farmers in the study area.
Keywords: Climatic Change; Income Equality, Health Hazard; Agriculture; Paddy; Malaysia
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