Initiatives and Challenges of Agricultural Crop Sector in East Coast Economic Region (ECER) Development Projects in Malaysia

American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, Vol. 12(7), pp. 922-931

14 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2017

See all articles by Md. Mahmudul Alam

Md. Mahmudul Alam

Universiti Utara Malaysia

MD Morshed

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Chamhuri Siwar

National University of Malaysia (UKM)

Md. Wahid Murad

University of Adelaide - Faculty of the Professions

Date Written: 2012

Abstract

The share of agriculture to GDP is continuously declining in Malaysia, but agricultural sector is very crucial to ensure food security, employment generation, socioeconomic improvement, economic growth, poverty reduction, and overall achievement of vision 2020. The East Coast Economic Region (ECER) represents 34% of total national agricultural area, which has a good potentiality to improve productivity and reduce high poverty intensity in this area. Realizing the importance, Malaysian government has taken a large development project in the ECER region in 2006, but much is not known about the project due to limited number of study and unavailability of official performance report of the project. Hence this study is an attempt to explore one of the niche areas, which is agricultural crops sector. The major initiatives of agricultural crops sector include establishing three agro valleys as major vegetable and short-term crop growing areas. These involve organized modern farming methods in a sustainable manner to improve efficiency and productivity of agricultural production of paddy, vegetables, and fruits. The prospects of the project are also very much anticipative, because the size of domestic market has grown in recent years. But there are lots of challenges to meet the target of the project. Institutional supports, physical infrastructural supports like transportations, irrigations, and preservation facilities are not adequate in this area. To meet the target and to ensure the success of the projects, some more initiatives for improvements and proper management are also necessary. These include, for example, farmer's cooperative or institutional involvement for marketing the crops, financial supports and subsidies, cooperation among agents and departments, training to avoid environment degradations, and adaptation techniques to cope with adverse effects of climatic changes, etc. It is expected that the relevant government authority and agencies, especially the ECER project authority, will be highly benefited from the findings of the study.

Keywords: ECER, Agropolitan, Agriculture, Rural development, Malaysia

Suggested Citation

Alam, Md. Mahmudul and Morshed, MD and Siwar, Chamhuri and Murad, Md. Wahid, Initiatives and Challenges of Agricultural Crop Sector in East Coast Economic Region (ECER) Development Projects in Malaysia (2012). American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, Vol. 12(7), pp. 922-931. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2942578

Md. Mahmudul Alam (Contact Author)

Universiti Utara Malaysia ( email )

Sintok, Kedah
Malaysia

MD Morshed

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Chamhuri Siwar

National University of Malaysia (UKM) ( email )

43600 Bandar Baru Bangi
Bangi, Selangor 06010
Malaysia

Md. Wahid Murad

University of Adelaide - Faculty of the Professions ( email )

Australia

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