Islamic and Social Entrepreneurships for Social Justice: A Policy and Structural Framework for Social Enterprise Economics
Molla, R.I., Alam, M.M., Bhuiyan, A.B., and Alam, A.S.A.F. 2015. Islamic and Social Entrepreneurships for Social Justice: A Policy and Structural Framework for Social Enterprise Economics. Al-ijtihad: Journal of Islamization of Knowledge and Contemporary Issues. Vol. 13 (1), pp. 1-27
17 Pages Posted: 30 Mar 2017
Date Written: March 29, 2017
Entrepreneurship is indispensable for progress of human civilization and effectively exploring and exploiting existing and potential resources for wellbeing of humanity. Modern economics operates basically through two major modes of entrepreneurships: the market/private sector economics relying on commercial entrepreneurships (self-interestcentric) and the state/public sector economics relying on state entrepreneurships (public wellbeing-centric). However, both have, individually and jointly, failed to ensure economics‟ fundamental goal of wellbeing for human societies. In response, a community wellbeing-centric social enterprise economics (third sector), which features cooperatives and not-forprofit social enterprises in the name of foundations, trusts/awqāf, social businesses, and similar undertakings, has emerged as a make-up strategy to meet the minimum unmet requirements for social wellbeing. However, there is a strongly felt belief that this community wellbeing-centric social enterprise economics needs to be broadened and mainstreamed in order to include entirely charitable institutions, predominantly not-for-profit operations, and predominantly for-profit businesses but blended with provision of social welfare programs like corporate social responsibility, etc., for its emancipation as a major economic system to be able to play a leading role for ensuring desirable economic growth and development. Islamic entrepreneurship, which is basically a community-centric mode of business initiative, is closely related to social entrepreneurship. It is an antidote to the problem of intolerable economic and social dualism and a natural strategy against all forms of capitalist exploitation to control world resources, like, in the past, through European colonialism, and now, through American-led state terrorism. It is the natural guard against economic inequity, wealth concentration, and social divides. Based on its potential and using examples from Bangladesh and Malaysia, we argue that the Islamic style social entrepreneurship, which is operationally a profession for a mission, is intellectually and operationally superior and more efficient for effectively widening and mainstreaming community-centric social enterprise economics to ensure development with equity and social justice. The paper aims to put forward social enterprise economics (third sector) for dialogue and research in the context of effective functioning of modern economies ensuring community wellbeing.
Keywords: entrepreneurship, community-centric, American-led terrorism, not for-profit business, economic & social dualism, capitalist exploitation, social justice, public sector, private sector
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