Explaining Agriculture Expansion and Deforestation: Evidence from the Brazilian Amazon - 1980/98

IPEA Working Paper No. 828

42 Pages Posted: 18 Dec 2001

See all articles by Claudio Ferraz

Claudio Ferraz

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics; Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA)

Date Written: October 2001

Abstract

The extent of deforestation in the Brazilian Amazon grew significantly in the last 20 years. Approximately 400,000 square km of tropical forest were cleared from 1978 to 1998. Land conversion to pasture and crop areas were the main sources of deforestation, though the contribution of logging increased significantly in the nineties. This paper uses panel data for eight states of the Brazilian Amazon, from 1980 to 1998, to estimate a model of the determinants of crop area and cattle herd expansion within the region. Results show that the expansion of crop area is determined by changes in land prices, government agriculture credit and roads while the growth of cattle herd is mainly driven by the decrease in the price of cattle head and the expansion of the road network.

Note: The downloadable document is written in Portuguese.

Keywords: Land Use, Deforestation, Time-series-cross section, Amazon, Brazil

JEL Classification: Q23, R14, C23

Suggested Citation

Ferraz, Claudio, Explaining Agriculture Expansion and Deforestation: Evidence from the Brazilian Amazon - 1980/98 (October 2001). IPEA Working Paper No. 828, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=294307 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.294307

Claudio Ferraz (Contact Author)

University of California, Berkeley - Department of Agricultural & Resource Economics ( email )

Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

Institute of Applied Economic Research (IPEA) ( email )

Av. Presidente Antonio Carlos 51
16 andar, Castelo
RJ 20020-010 Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
+55 21 3804-8000 (Phone)
+55 21 2240-1920 (Fax)

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