Do Climate Changes Lead to Income Inequality? Empirical Study on the Farming Community in Malaysia

Alam, M.M., Taufique, K., and Sayal, A. 2017. Do Climate Changes Lead to Income Inequality? Empirical Study on the Farming Community in Malaysia, International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, Vol. 16(1), pp. 43-59.

17 Pages Posted: 31 Mar 2017

See all articles by Md. Mahmudul Alam

Md. Mahmudul Alam

Universiti Utara Malaysia

Khan Taufique

Presidency University

Azizullah Sayal

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbottabad

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: March 30, 2017

Abstract

Changes in climatic factors have different impacts on different social groups. But the farmers are considered to be the most vulnerable group because of their direct and indirect dependency on climatic factors. This study aims to understand the nature of socioeconomic impacts of climatic changes on the farmers in Malaysia. A questionnaire survey was conducted on a sample of 198 paddy farmers in the Integrated Agricultural Development Area at North-West Selangor of Malaysia in 2009. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, ordinal scale and percentile. The study reveals that climatic changes have adverse impacts on agricultural productivity, profitability, income equality, employment, farmer’s health, and government subsidy policy. The Kuznets ratio and Gini coefficient indicate that there is highly unequal distribution of income. Climatic changes are contributing to the widening of this income gap, because poor farmers are affected more by the adverse effects of climatic changes. The current government subsidy policy is not found appropriate and adequate to support and encourage the farmers to adequately adapt to the climatic changes and to reduce the inequality among the farming community. The paper ends up with recommending some policy guidelines to counter adverse effects of climate change on income of paddy farmers in Malaysia.

Keywords: climatic change; income equality; Gini coefficient; Kuznets ratio; Lorenz curve; poverty; agriculture; paddy; Malaysia

Suggested Citation

Alam, Md. Mahmudul and Taufique, Khan and Sayal, Azizullah, Do Climate Changes Lead to Income Inequality? Empirical Study on the Farming Community in Malaysia (March 30, 2017). Alam, M.M., Taufique, K., and Sayal, A. 2017. Do Climate Changes Lead to Income Inequality? Empirical Study on the Farming Community in Malaysia, International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, Vol. 16(1), pp. 43-59. . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2943398

Md. Mahmudul Alam (Contact Author)

Universiti Utara Malaysia ( email )

Sintok, Kedah
Malaysia

Khan Taufique

Presidency University ( email )

86/1 College Street
Kolkata, West Bengal 700073
India

Azizullah Sayal

COMSATS Institute of Information Technology Abbottabad ( email )

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Abbottabad, Khyber Pakhtun Khawa 22060
Pakistan

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