Best Land Use with Negative Externalities: Determining Land Values from Residential Rents
46 Pages Posted: 4 Apr 2017 Last revised: 15 May 2019
Date Written: May 10, 2019
The value of land is determined by the locations' attractiveness and the degree of regulation. When land regulations are binding, e.g. when a restriction on the maximum floor area ratio exists, the best use land price can be directly expressed as a function of the maximum floor area ratio and local amenities. We show theoretically and empirically how this approach can be used to determine land values from residential rents. From our empirical results, we derive two main sources for a monocentric structure of land prices. First, the location attractiveness of centrally located dwellings makes land prices more expensive. Second, as the maximum floor area ratio is high in central areas, the regulation works as a multiplier for land prices and inflates prices accordingly. Our model gives insights into the determinants of urban land prices and provides a useful approach for land appraisal in urban regions where land transactions are scarce.
Keywords: Apartment Rent, Land Use Regulation, Floor Area Ration (FAR), Land Prices, Monocentric Structure
JEL Classification: C1, R3, R5
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation