대북제재로 인한 북·중 접경지역에서의 무역 거래관행 변화 분석 (Analyzing the Changes in Trading Practices in North Korea-China Border Region Due to North Korea Sanctions)

132 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2017

See all articles by Jung-kyun Rhee

Jung-kyun Rhee

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Junyoung Kim

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

So Jeong Im

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy

Guo-shan An

Yanbian University

Mitsuhiro Mimura

Independent

Date Written: December 30, 2016

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 북한의 핵실험과 UNSC의 대북제재로 인하여 북·중 간 무역을 포함한 경제협력은 국제적으로 가장 주목받고 있는 이슈 중 하나이며, 이와 관련한 많은 분석과 연구가 진행되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 중국의 대북무역에서 전초기지 역할을 하는 랴오닝성, 지린성 등 접경지역을 중심으로 UN 안보리 (UNSC)의 대북제재(2006~16년(2270호)와 한·미·일의 양자제재로 인한 북·중 접경지역에서의 무역거래 관행 변화를 분석하였다. 연구결과 북·중 간 전체 무역과 접경지역에서의 무역 구조, 특징을 동시에 고려해볼 경우, 기존의 대북제재가 북·중 무역에 미치는 영향은 매우 미약하다는 점과 대북제재로 인해 북·중 간 거래관행의 지도가 변화하고 있음을 볼 수 있다. 본 연구를 통해 북·중 무역의 현황과 체계에 대한 이해를 제고하는 한편, 대북제재로 인한 접경지역에서의 북·중 간 경제협력 변화를 살펴봄으로써 향후 우리의 대북정책과 효과적인 대북제재 방안 수립을 위한 자료를 제공하고자 한다.

English Abstract: Due to North Korea's nuclear test and the UNSC's sanctions on North Korea, economic cooperation including North Korea-China trade is one of the most internationally recognized issues, and many analyzes and studies are underway. However, there is little research on the comprehensive trading practices of North Korea and China, centering on the border areas of Liaoning Province and Jilin Province, which serve as outposts in China's trade with North Korea. In this study, we analyzed the changes in trading practices in the UNSC sanctions against North Korea (2006 ~ 2016 (No. 2270)) and bilateral trade between North Korea and China due to bilateral sanctions.

The disconnection of trade between North Korea and Japan stemming from Japan's ban on trade with North Korea in 2006 and the suspension of inter-Korean trade due to the implementation of the 5.24 measures in 2010 seemed to have a considerable influence on North Korea's foreign trade. However, in the late 2000s, the rapid increase in demand for mineral resources due to the economic development of China, the increase of Chinese enterprises' trade and investment in North Korea replaced the place, and the dependence of North Korea on China trade became even more increased. The UNSC's sanctions against North Korea and the independent bilateral sanctions imposed by the South Korea, the United States, and Japan have contributed to the deepening of North Korea's dependence on China and the increase of trade in North Korea and China. In addition, considering the trade structure and characteristics of the North-China whole-trade and the border region, the effect of the existing North Korean sanctions on the North Korean and Chinese trade is very weak and the North- You can see that the map has changed...(The rest is omitted.)

Note: Downloadable document is available in Korean.

Suggested Citation

Rhee, Jung-kyun and Kim, Junyoung and Im, So Jeong and An, Guo-shan and Mimura, Mitsuhiro, 대북제재로 인한 북·중 접경지역에서의 무역 거래관행 변화 분석 (Analyzing the Changes in Trading Practices in North Korea-China Border Region Due to North Korea Sanctions) (December 30, 2016). KIEP Research Paper, Policy References 16-12 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2945935 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2945935

Jung-kyun Rhee (Contact Author)

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Junyoung Kim

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

So Jeong Im

Korea Institute for International Economic Policy ( email )

[30147] Building C, Sejong National Research Compl
Seoul, 370
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Guo-shan An

Yanbian University ( email )

Gongyuan Road 977
Yanji City, Jilin 133002
China

Mitsuhiro Mimura

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

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