Sustainability of Demand Responsive Approaches to Rural Water Supply: The Case of Kerala

30 Pages Posted: 11 Apr 2017

See all articles by Luis Alberto Andres

Luis Alberto Andres

World Bank

Saubhik Deb

World Bank

Martin P. Gambrill

World Bank

Elisa Giannone

University of Chicago

George Joseph

World Bank

Pramod Kannath

World Bank

Manish Kumar

Water and Sanitation Program - South Asia, The World Bank

P.K. Kurian

World Bank

Rajesh Many

World Bank

Abdu Muwonge

World Bank

Date Written: April 4, 2017

Abstract

This paper presents the findings of an impact evaluation to assess the performance and sustainability of the demand responsive community-based approach toward rural water supply in the state of Kerala, India. To achieve the study's objectives, conceptual definitions of the "performance" and "sustainability" of rural water supply schemes were first developed, as were indicators for their systematic measurement. Performance and sustainability indicators for demand responsive approaches were compared with the more conventional supply-based approach to rural water supply. The study found that participatory community driven water supply schemes were more successful in delivering adequate, regular, and quality water supply, experienced fewer breakdowns and water shortages, and enjoyed higher consumer satisfaction with the quality of service delivery. The success of the community-based approach demonstrates that people are willing to contribute toward the capital costs of the schemes and pay for the water they use for a better service delivery. The findings of this paper suggest that the community-based approach can be a superior alternative to traditional supply driven models in expanding and improving water service delivery in rural areas.

Keywords: Rural & Small Town Water & Sanitation, Town Water Supply and Sanitation, Rural Water Supply and Sanitation, Small Private Water Supply Providers, Water and Human Health, Water Supply and Sanitation Economics

Suggested Citation

Andres, Luis Alberto and Deb, Saubhik and Gambrill, Martin P. and Giannone, Elisa and Joseph, George and Kannath, Pramod and Kumar, Manish and Kurian, P.K. and Many, Rajesh and Muwonge, Abdu, Sustainability of Demand Responsive Approaches to Rural Water Supply: The Case of Kerala (April 4, 2017). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 8025. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2948512

Luis Alberto Andres (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Saubhik Deb

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Martin P. Gambrill

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Elisa Giannone

University of Chicago ( email )

1101 East 58th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

George Joseph

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Pramod Kannath

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Manish Kumar

Water and Sanitation Program - South Asia, The World Bank ( email )

United States

P.K. Kurian

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Rajesh Many

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Abdu Muwonge

World Bank

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

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