A Conceptual Model for Networking of Carbon Markets on Distributed Ledger Technology Architecture

31 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2017 Last revised: 10 Apr 2017

See all articles by Justin Macinante

Justin Macinante

University of Edinburgh, School of Law

Date Written: April 3, 2017


In spite of the apparent lack of success of international emission trading under the Kyoto Protocol, numerous jurisdictions are implementing mitigation mechanisms that put a price on carbon, whether by taxing activities that cause release of carbon to the atmosphere, or by creating markets through which the cost of atmospheric release of carbon is internalised to the relevant activities by way of emission trading schemes. These diverse and heterogeneous mechanisms – in particular the emission trading schemes – might achieve greater efficiency, larger scale, and other benefits, were they to be connected. Against this background, this paper sets out a proposal for a conceptual model for the networking of emission trading schemes, built on the architecture of distributed ledger technology. In this way, it is argued, the interconnection of these emission trading schemes might be achieved flexibly, cost effectively and efficiently, while taking account of the requirements for cooperative approaches, evidenced in the Paris Agreement. The purpose of the paper is to stimulate, and provide a starting point for, more detailed, intensive discussion of what the technical requirements might be of some such scheme.

Keywords: Networking, emission trading schemes, distributed ledger technology, blockchain, international transfer, mitigation outcomes, Paris Agreement

Suggested Citation

Macinante, Justin, A Conceptual Model for Networking of Carbon Markets on Distributed Ledger Technology Architecture (April 3, 2017). Edinburgh School of Law Research Paper No. 09/2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2948580 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2948580

Justin Macinante (Contact Author)

University of Edinburgh, School of Law ( email )

United Kingdom

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