Consumer Bitcredit and Fintech Lending

78 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2017 Last revised: 13 Jun 2018

Christopher K. Odinet

University of Oklahoma College of Law; Southern University Law Center

Date Written: March 26, 2018

Abstract

The digital economy is changing everything, including how we borrow money. In the wake of the 2008 crisis, banks pulled back in their lending and, as a result, many consumers and small businesses found themselves unable to access credit. A wave of online firms called fintech lenders have filled the space left vacant by traditional financial institutions. These platforms are fast making antiques out of many mainstream lending practices, such as long paper applications and face-to-face meetings. Instead, through underwriting by automation — utilizing big data (including social media data) and machine learning — loan processing that once took days for mainstream lenders can now be done in minutes by fintech firms. The result of these fintech advances has been quicker access to capital, more economic efficiencies, and even greater prospects for access to credit for the unbanked and underbanked. “Click here” is the new “sign on the dotted line.”

But there is a lot still to learn about fintech lending. How do these firms work and what kinds of products do they offer? Moreover, what role will they play in the future of American debt markets, particularly when it comes to the role of machine learning in assessing a borrower’s creditworthiness? This Article explores these questions and assesses current government responses to the nascent industry. It also surveys the current consumer protection landscape for fintech lenders and analyzes a multi-year dataset of complaints submitted to the CFPB relative to products offered by these firms. The Article concludes by offering several policy recommendations for how to regulate this new world of bitcredit.

Keywords: bit credit, digital, lending, banking, consumers, small businesses, fintech, non-banks, lenders, mortgages, CFPB, consumer protection, SEC, Consumer Financial Protection Bureau, credit, access, unbanked, underbanked, machine-learning, loans, underwriting, consumer complaints, privacy, commerce

Suggested Citation

Odinet, Christopher K., Consumer Bitcredit and Fintech Lending (March 26, 2018). Alabama Law Review, Vol. 69, No. 781, 2018. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2949456

Christopher K. Odinet (Contact Author)

Southern University Law Center ( email )

P.O. Box 9294
Baton Rouge, LA 70813
United States
225-771-4900 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.sulc.edu

University of Oklahoma College of Law ( email )

300 Timberdell Road
Norman, OK 73019
United States
405.325.0693 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.law.ou.edu

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
206
rank
134,672
Abstract Views
928
PlumX