The Effects of E-Cigarette Minimum Legal Sale Age Laws on Youth Substance Use

55 Pages Posted: 10 Apr 2017 Last revised: 18 Apr 2017

See all articles by Dhaval Dave

Dhaval Dave

Bentley University - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) - NY Office

Bo Feng

Georgia State University

Michael Pesko

Georgia State University - Department of Economics

Date Written: April 2017

Abstract

We use difference-in-differences models and individual-level data from the national and state Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (YRBSS) from 2005 to 2015 to examine the effects of e-cigarette Minimum Legal Sale Age (MLSA) laws on youth cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, and marijuana use. Our results suggest that these laws increased youth smoking participation by about one percentage point, and approximately half of the increased smoking participation could be attributed to smoking initiation. We find little evidence of higher cigarette smoking persisting beyond the point at which youth age out of the laws. Our results also show little effect of the laws on youth drinking, binge drinking, and marijuana use. Taken together, our findings suggest a possible unintended effect of e-cigarette MLSA laws—rising cigarette use in the short term while youth are restricted from purchasing e-cigarettes.

Suggested Citation

Dave, Dhaval and Feng, Bo and Pesko, Michael, The Effects of E-Cigarette Minimum Legal Sale Age Laws on Youth Substance Use (April 2017). NBER Working Paper No. w23313, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2949637

Dhaval Dave (Contact Author)

Bentley University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Bo Feng

Georgia State University ( email )

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Michael Pesko

Georgia State University - Department of Economics ( email )

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Atlanta, GA 30302-3992
United States

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