South Sudan and the East African Community: Common Market, Citizenship, and Political Federation
Posted: 11 Apr 2017
Date Written: April 10, 2017
This article analyses South Sudan's political and economic challenges as it seeks to become member of the East African Community (EAC). The first section presents a brief profile of South Sudan, its development challenges, the land tenure system and legal framework governing access to and disposal of land. The second section presents an exposition on the challenges facing the EAC as it seeks to build a monetary union and a political federation. The article critically examines the EAC protocol regarding the monetary union, political federation, the land tenure system in East Africa and its plan for a common citizenship. It reviews and analyses EAC policies such as the elimination of trade barriers like tariff, non-tariff and other technical barriers, harmonisation of labour policies, programmes, legislation, and social services throughout members' states. The article concludes that the biggest challenge facing the EAC is how to protect social democracy, while balancing rights with social justice, market fundamentalism with social equity and offers preliminary recommendations.
Keywords: citizenship in East Africa; East African Community (EAC); land tenure; monetary union; political federation; social democracy; South Sudan; the Common Market
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