In Search of Durable Peace: The Comprehensive Peace Agreement and Power Sharing in Sudan
Posted: 11 Apr 2017
Date Written: September 25, 2012
This paper analyses the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed between the Government of the Republic of the Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army, as a political alternative where decisive victory is untenable and situates this agreement in the larger context of North and South Sudan politics. The essay examines the CPA and argues that the agreement created the political condition for the democratic transformation in Sudan by laying the basis for the relationship between levels of government and people through new constitutions at the national, South Sudan, and local levels. The paradigm of Survivor's Justice is used to analyse the CPA as one alternative model for resolving conflict through a demand for a political solution that is rooted in the New Sudan Framework. The paper argues that the CPA was reflective of the Survivor's Justice Model which sought to settle political violence through a reform of the state. It contextualises and problematises the agreement by critically analysing, evaluating, and discussing how it fared on the promise of bringing sustainable peace in Sudan.
Keywords: Comprehensive Peace Agreement, New Sudan Framework, political violence, political/criminal justice, Sudan/South Sudan, armed/rebel movements
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