Illegal Election Cards in Afghanistan: Evidence from a Survey of Voters in Jalalabad City

28 Pages Posted: 12 Apr 2017 Last revised: 13 Sep 2017

See all articles by Muslih Ahmad

Muslih Ahmad

Nangarhar University

Kyohei Yamada

International University of Japan

Date Written: April 12, 2017

Abstract

This paper focuses on illegally-obtained voter ID cards in Afghanistan. Anecdotes suggest that some voters obtain more than one ID card and use them in the election, which violates the election law. The paper seeks to understand how spread out are the illegal possessions of multiple ID cards, characteristics of the people who illegally obtain multiple cards, and whether and to what extent illegal card holders use their cards in elections to vote multiple times.

We conducted an original survey of 300 voters in Jalalabad City in Nangarhar Province in order to examine these questions. We find that:

(1) approximately 20% of the respondents hold two or more voter ID cards;

(2) illegal card holders tend to be less educated; and

(3) more than 50% of the illegal card holders voted multiple times in the first and second rounds of the 2014 presidential election.

Keywords: Election fraud, voter ID card, multiple voting, Afghanistan

Suggested Citation

Ahmad, Muslih and Yamada, Kyohei, Illegal Election Cards in Afghanistan: Evidence from a Survey of Voters in Jalalabad City (April 12, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2951512 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2951512

Muslih Ahmad

Nangarhar University ( email )

AH1
Jalalabad
Afghanistan

Kyohei Yamada (Contact Author)

International University of Japan ( email )

Kokusaicho 777
Minamiuonuma, Niigata 949-7277
Japan

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