Hydropower vs. Salmon: The Struggle of the Pacific Northwest's Anadromous Fish Resources for a Peaceful Coexistence with the Federal Columbia River Power System
90 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2017
Date Written: April 1, 1981
This article surveys the history of hydropower-salmon tradeoffs in the Columbia Basin in the 20th century. The resolution of those tradeoffs has overwhelmingly favored hydropower, as often the federal agencies running the Federal Columbia River Power System claimed a lack of authority to improve river conditions to preserve more salmon under the assumption that hydropower generation was the dominant use of the river. The article challenges this assumption, examining the National Environmental Policy Act, the Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act, the Federal Power Act, the Columbia River Treaty with Canada, and Indian treaty fishing rights. The article concludes that there is sufficient authority -- and arguably the legal obligation -- to protect and restore the salmon runs of the Columbia Basin.
Keywords: Hydropower, Salmon, Environmental Law, Fisheries, Renewable Energy, Natural Resources Law, Water Law
JEL Classification: H23, H41, H54, K23, K32, N51, N72, O44, Q22, Q25, Q28, Q48, R58
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation