Organizational Configurations for Sustainability and Employee Productivity: A Qualitative Comparative Analysis Approach
Business & Society, Forthcoming
21 Pages Posted: 17 Apr 2017
Date Written: April 14, 2017
We propose a model that identifies the configurations of relations between environmental practices and other management practices that can improve employee performance, measured as labor productivity. To test our model, we use the qualitative comparative analysis (QCA) methodology, which allows us to demonstrate empirically how different configurations of management practices, including environmental practices, quality management systems, teamwork, and interorganizational relations, contribute to work systems in ways that increase labor productivity. Our results, based on data from 4,975 employees from 1,866 firms, show that environmental practices are associated with higher labor productivity only when they are combined with other management practices.
Keywords: Corporate social responsibility, green practices, human resources, labor productivity, qualitative comparative analysis (QCA), quality management, training
JEL Classification: L2, L25, M12, M14, M53, M54
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