통일 후 남북한 경제 한시 분리운영 방안: 국유자산 분야 (Temporary Separate Operation of South and North Korean Economies after Unification: State Property Management)

246 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2017

See all articles by Cheol-Soo Park

Cheol-Soo Park

Halla University

Bong Hyun Cho

North Korea Research Soceity

Il-young Jeong

Sungkyunkwan University

Date Written: December 30, 2016

Abstract

Korean Abstract: 본 연구는 한반도 통일 이후 북한지역을 한시적으로 분리한 상태에서 북한의 국 유자산을 관리 및 청산하기 위한 방안을 모색하는 데 목적이 있다. 본 연구는 북한의 국유자산 중 토지와 주택, 그리고 기업의 주요 자산을 어떻게 관리하고 청산할 것인지에 초점을 맞추고 한시적 분리 기간의 필요한 조치들을 제안하고자 한다.

남북의 통일은 우리민족의 숙원임에 틀림없으나 통일은 또한 남과 북 모두에 새로운 난제로 다가올 가능성이 높다. 특히 북한의 경제가 비정상적으로 왜곡되어 있는 상태에서 남북의 경제통합은 상당한 진통이 예상된다. 독일의 통일 과정에서 나타난 바와 같이 서로 다른 경제체제를 통합하고 기존의 국가자산을 청산하는 것은 다양한 사회정치적 문제로 비화될 가능성이 높다.

본 연구는 남북의 통일이 가져올 혼란을 최소화하기 위한 방안으로 북한지역에 대한 한시적 분리운영을 분석의 전제로 가정하고 있다. 한반도에서 통일은 다양한 국내외 정치사회적 조건하에서 계획되지 않은 형태로 진행될 가능성이 늘 상존하고 있다. 다만 이 연구에서는 남북이 정치적 통합을 이룬 상태에서 한시적으로 북한을 분리함을 전제로 상정한다. 이는 남북이 정치적 통일을 달성한 상황에서 북한의 국유자산을 효과적으로 관리하고 청산하기 위한 방안을 찾는 데 연구의 초점을 집약하기 위한 분석적 가정이라 할 수 있다.

English Abstract: The purpose of this research is to discover an effective solution to managing North Korea's state assets during a temporary separation of the South and North, post-unification of the Korean peninsula. This study will focus on how to manage and liquidate North Korea's real estate and corporate assets and also suggest measures that are necessary during the temporary separation. Unification of the Korean peninsula is indeed one of the greatest ambitions of our people. However, it is also considered an impending dilemma for both the South and the North. Especially when considering North Korea's unusually distorted economic status, the economic integration of South and North Korea is expected to be a considerable stumbling block.

As a means to minimize possible confusion caused by the unification of South and North Korea, this study assumes the temporarily separated North Korean region to be the premise for analysis. This study is based on the assumption that with the political integration of the South and North, North Korea is economically separated for a limited period of time. Such an assumption narrows focus on exploring measures to managing and liquidating North Korea's state assets.

This study consists of three main parts. The first part explores and analyzes the current condition of North Korea's land, housing and corporations. In North Korea, land is established as a socialist possession as a result of post-liberation land reform and post-war agricultural collectivization. By neutralizing the ruling class's economic base and raising poor farmers into yeoman farmers, the land reform achieved the political objective of solidifying Kim Il-Sung's support base and also the economic objective of securing state assets via nationalizing the industry. While rebuilding the country post war, agricultural collectivization was the process of completing socialistic reform and establishing socialistic property relations.

In North Korea, housing is allocated according to hierarchy and social status. All real estate is defined as state-owned and individual ownership or construction is prohibited. The state built houses and residents were granted rights to use the housing. A characteristic of North Korean housing is that they were constructed through standardization and planned policies rather than a capitalist system, which relies on market economy. As a result, urban areas built mainly apartments while rural areas built mainly townhouses... (The rest is omitted.)

Note: Downloadable document is available in Korean.

Suggested Citation

Park, Cheol-Soo and Cho, Bong Hyun and Jeong, Il-young, 통일 후 남북한 경제 한시 분리운영 방안: 국유자산 분야 (Temporary Separate Operation of South and North Korean Economies after Unification: State Property Management) (December 30, 2016). KIEP Research Paper, Long-term Trade Strategies Study Series 16-04 . Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2954306 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2954306

Cheol-Soo Park (Contact Author)

Halla University ( email )

28 Halladae-gil, Heungeop-myeon
Weonju, Gangwon-do
Gangwon
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Bong Hyun Cho

North Korea Research Soceity ( email )

Korea, Democratic People's Republic (North Korea)

Il-young Jeong

Sungkyunkwan University ( email )

53 Myeongnyun-dong 3-ga Jongno-ju
Guro-gu
Seoul, 110-745
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

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