The Cost of Rich (and Poor) Country Protection to Developing Countries
CIES Discussion Paper No. 0136
40 Pages Posted: 8 Jan 2002
Date Written: September 2001
This study confirms that substantial barriers to market access will remain in both rich and poor countries following full implementation of the Uruguay Round agreement. The analysis finds that around 40 percent of the costs of these barriers to developing countries arise from barriers to market access in industrial countries, and 60 percent from barriers in developing countries themselves. The results suggest that there would be large gains to almost all regions from a round of negotiations that increased market access in North and South. In Africa, the potential static gains from multilateral reform appear to exceed those from preferential liberalization, without the well-known disadvantages of a preferential approach.
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