Pollution or Crime: The Effect of Driving Restrictions on Criminal Activity

44 Pages Posted: 25 Apr 2017

See all articles by Paul E. Carrillo

Paul E. Carrillo

George Washington University - Department of Economics

Andrea López

George Washington University

Arun S. Malik

George Washington University - Department of Economics

Date Written: July 2016

Abstract

Driving restriction programs have been implemented in many cities around the world to alleviate pollution and congestion problems. Enforcement of such programs is costly and can potentially displace policing resources used for crime prevention and crime detection. Hence, driving restrictions may increase crime. To test this hypothesis, this paper exploits both temporal and spatial variation in the implementation of Quito, Ecuador's Pico y Placa program and evaluates its effect on crime. Both difference-in-difference and spatial regression discontinuity estimates provide credible evidence that driving restrictions can increase crime rates.

Keywords: Crime, Difference-in-Differences, Regression discontinuity, Crime displacement

JEL Classification: C20, Q52, R28, R48

Suggested Citation

Carrillo, Paul E. and López, Andrea and Malik, Arun S., Pollution or Crime: The Effect of Driving Restrictions on Criminal Activity (July 2016). IDB Working Paper No. IDB-WP-698, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2956695 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2956695

Paul E. Carrillo (Contact Author)

George Washington University - Department of Economics ( email )

Monroe Hall Suite 340
2115 G Street NW
Washington, DC 20052
United States

Andrea López

George Washington University

2121 I Street NW
Washington, DC 20052
United States

Arun S. Malik

George Washington University - Department of Economics ( email )

Monroe Hall, Suite 340
2115 G Street, NW
Washington, DC 20052
United States

HOME PAGE: http://home.gwu.edu/~amalik/

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