Do Women in Highly Qualified Positions Face Higher Work-to-Family Conflicts in Germany than Men?

34 Pages Posted: 24 Apr 2017

See all articles by Anne Busch-Heizmann

Anne Busch-Heizmann

University of Duisburg-Essen

Elke Holst

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - German Socio Economic Panel

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 2017

Abstract

Changing employment conditions lead to new chances, but also new risks for employees. In the literature, increasing permeability between occupational and private life is discussed as one special outcome of this development that employees must face, especially those in highly qualified positions. Drawing on existing research, we investigate in how far women and men in those positions differ in their perceived work-to-family conflicts (WFC), considering the mediating role of gender specific job opportunities. Referring conflicting theoretical arguments, we hypothesize that in Germany - as a conservative welfare state - women, especially those with family responsibilities, will perceive higher WFC than men in those positions. Our analysis is based on data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP). Using the Siegrist instrument on effort-reward imbalance we find that women in highly qualified positions perceive higher WFC than men. This association is explained by women’s lower willingness to take risks, and also party explained by lower job rewards women receive. It gets visible even more strongly if women’s lower time-based burdens in the job are controlled for. Mixed results are observed concerning associations between family responsibilities and WFC, which is in line with ambivalent results in the literature.

Keywords: Work-to-family conflict, highly qualified positions, managers, gender, SOEP

JEL Classification: I3, B54, M1

Suggested Citation

Busch-Heizmann, Anne and Holst, Elke, Do Women in Highly Qualified Positions Face Higher Work-to-Family Conflicts in Germany than Men? (April 2017). DIW Berlin Discussion Paper No. 1658. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2957497 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2957497

Anne Busch-Heizmann (Contact Author)

University of Duisburg-Essen ( email )

Lotharstrasse 1
Duisburg, 47048
Germany

Elke Holst

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - German Socio Economic Panel ( email )

DIW Berlin
Berlin, Berlin 14191
Germany

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
18
Abstract Views
248
PlumX Metrics