Fair Process, Trust, and Cooperation: Moving Toward an Integrated Framework of Police Legitimacy

Criminal Justice and Behavior (Forthcoming)

42 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2019

See all articles by Joseph Hamm

Joseph Hamm

Michigan State University

Rick Trinkner

Arizona State University

James Carr

Michigan State University - School of Criminal Justice

Date Written: April 25, 2017

Abstract

Positive public perceptions are a critical pillar of the criminal justice system but the literature addressing them often fails to offer clear advice regarding the important constructs or the relationships among them. The research reported here sought to take an important step toward this clarity by recruiting a national convenience sample to complete an online survey about the police in the respondent’s community which included measures of the process-based model of legitimacy and the classic model of trust. Our results suggest that although both are predictive, the models can be integrated in a way that allows the strengths of each model to address the weaknesses of the other. We therefore present this model as a first step toward an Integrated Framework of Police Legitimacy that can meaningfully incorporate much of the existing scholarship and provide clearer guidance for those who seek to address these constructs in research and practice.

Keywords: Policing; Legitimacy; Trust; Procedural Fairness; Trustworthiness

Suggested Citation

Hamm, Joseph and Trinkner, Rick and Carr, James, Fair Process, Trust, and Cooperation: Moving Toward an Integrated Framework of Police Legitimacy (April 25, 2017). Criminal Justice and Behavior (Forthcoming), Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2958487

Joseph Hamm (Contact Author)

Michigan State University ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824
United States

Rick Trinkner

Arizona State University ( email )

411 N. Central Avenue
Phoenix, AZ 85004
United States

James Carr

Michigan State University - School of Criminal Justice ( email )

East Lansing, MI 48824
United States

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