Social License to Operate: Legitimacy by Another Name?
Canadian Public Administration, Forthcoming
University of Alberta School of Business Research Paper No. 2017-904
25 Pages Posted: 26 Apr 2017 Last revised: 17 Jun 2017
Date Written: June 16, 2017
Social license to operate is an increasingly used but seldom defined concept. In this article, we draw from academic, popular, and industry literature to identify and synthesize three models of social license to operate. Building on our review, we investigate the linkages between social license to operate and legitimacy and consider how the two concepts differ from and interrelate with one another. Then, we review the various methods that have been used to measure social license to operate. We conclude by discussing the implications for stakeholder engagement, evolving models of regulation, and potential avenues for future research.
Keywords: Social License to Operate, Legitimacy, Energy, Public Administration
JEL Classification: Q48, M14, Q20, Q30
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation