New Insights into ESP, Hallucinations and ASC
13 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2017 Last revised: 29 Jan 2018
Date Written: April 27, 2017
From a unique perspective, this paper attempts to make a new interpretation of Altered States of Consciousness (ASC) induced by meditation, mind-altering drugs, hypnosis, or physiological lesion. On the basis of empirical materials, we summarizes four essential phenomena (hallucinations, paranormal phenomena, the more sensitive awareness and mystical experiences) in ASC after an initial clarification. However, the existence of paranormal phenomena, especially extrasensory perception (ESP), has been disputed for more than one century. Therefore, taking ESP as a breakthrough, we firstly propose a novel hypothesis that ESP happens because there are two pathways to affect perception and the essence of ESP is that internal false stimulations are mistaken as external objective stimulations which enter through various senses and external objective stimulations as perceptions which do not result from various senses when one is in deep hallucinations. To support this hypothesis, which is totally different from “quantum entanglement” and “multidimensional space-time”, we then develop an original model of hallucinations: When internal false stimulations and external objective stimulations affect perception together, the changes in the relation of their strength will result in the consistence, breakdown and re-consistence of the five senses, leading to three states of hallucinations (one can distinguish reality from fantasy, one cannot distinguish reality from fantasy, and reality and fantasy are totally reversed). This model can also explain the generation mechanism of out-of-body experiences, synesthesia and many other marvelous psychedelic phenomena in ASC. After that, a new filtering model is presented to explain the more sensitive awareness and its potential value is explored. On such basis, a unified analytical framework will be made to reveal the essence of ASC: The loss of the self results in three mechanisms (the more sensitive awareness, hallucinations and jhāna samādhi) and the relation of them is figured out. Finally, this paper also reveals the essence of the Buddhist deep insight and the mystery of cessation and insight.
Keywords: Extrasensory Perception (ESP), hallucinations, paranormal phenomena, altered states of consciousness (ASC), filtering hypothesis
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