Bank Branching Deregulation and the Syndicated Loan Market

71 Pages Posted: 28 Apr 2017 Last revised: 13 Dec 2018

See all articles by Jan Keil

Jan Keil

University of the West Indies at Mona, Department of Economics

Karsten Müller

Princeton University

Date Written: January 20, 2018

Abstract

How do changes in banking regulation affect the syndicated loan market? Because branch networks and loan syndication both facilitate banks’ ability to diversify geographical credit risk, we focus on the Riegle-Neal Interstate Branching and Banking Efficiency Act of 1994. We investigate its staggered state-wise implementation in a triple-difference identification strategy, exploiting the fact that it only changed the legal framework for out-of-state commercial banks. We find that branching deregulation decreased syndicated loan issuance but spurred bilateral lending to corporations. This shift is also reflected in interest rate spreads, pointing to a supply-driven substitution effect. Our results suggest that changes to banking regulation can affect not just the amount but also type of credit in the economy.

Keywords: IBBEA, Interstate Branching Deregulation, Syndicated Loans

JEL Classification: G18, G21, G30

Suggested Citation

Keil, Jan and Müller, Karsten, Bank Branching Deregulation and the Syndicated Loan Market (January 20, 2018). Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis (JFQA), Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2959534 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2959534

Jan Keil (Contact Author)

University of the West Indies at Mona, Department of Economics ( email )

Kingston
Jamaica

HOME PAGE: http://www.jankeil.com

Karsten Müller

Princeton University ( email )

Julis-Rabinowitz Center for Public Policy & Financ
Princeton, NJ 08540
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.karstenmueller.eu

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