Position Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition of 26 April 2017 on the European Commission’s 'Public consultation on Building the European Data Economy'

17 Pages Posted: 27 May 2017

See all articles by Josef Drexl

Josef Drexl

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition; University of Zurich; Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

Jure Globocnik

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Franziska Greiner

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Students

Daria Kim

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Heiko Richter

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Peter R. Slowinski

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Students

Gintare Surblyte

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Axel Walz

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Klaus Wiedemann

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition

Date Written: April 26, 2017

Abstract

This Position Statement responds to the Communication of 10 January 2017 by which the European Commission launched a public consultation on the future legal framework for data-driven markets that emerge in the course of the current digitization of industrial production and the advent of smart products in which sensors are embedded. In particular, the Position Statement comments the Commission’s ideas on a possible future data producer’s right as a means of promoting access to data. While the Max Plank Institute agrees that there are indeed instances where there is a need to “unlock data”, it rejects a data producer’s right. Rather, the Institute recommends considering more targeted data access rights that would specifically react to situations in which a manufacturer of smart products would otherwise try to reserve related markets for itself. The Max Planck Institute thereby takes inspiration from the data portability right that has already been implemented as part of the Basic Data Protection Regulation. Moreover, general principles on the design of data access regimes are developed. In sum, the Max Planck Institute favours a sector-specific approach to the introduction of a general data access right or a generally applicable data access regime. Sector-specific rules are especially needed for answering more concrete questions such as regarding the person entitled to claim access or the one of whether a data holder should be remunerated for granting access to data.

Keywords: European law, data-driven economy, smart products, data ownership, data producer’s right, access to data, data portability.

Suggested Citation

Drexl, Josef and Hilty, Reto and Globocnik, Jure and Greiner, Franziska and Kim, Daria and Richter, Heiko and Slowinski, Peter R. and Surblyte, Gintare and Walz, Axel and Wiedemann, Klaus, Position Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition of 26 April 2017 on the European Commission’s 'Public consultation on Building the European Data Economy' (April 26, 2017). Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 17-08. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2959924 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2959924

Josef Drexl (Contact Author)

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

Munich, 80539
Germany

Reto Hilty

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.ip.mpg.de

University of Zurich

Rämistrasse 74/7
Zürich, CH-8001
Switzerland

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

Munich, 80539
Germany

Jure Globocnik

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
München, Bayern 80539
Germany

Franziska Greiner

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Students ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
München, Bayern 80539
Germany

Daria Kim

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Heiko Richter

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Peter R. Slowinski

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, Students ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
München, Bayern 80539
Germany

Gintare Surblyte

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Axel Walz

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
Munich, Bayern 80539
Germany

Klaus Wiedemann

Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition ( email )

Marstallplatz 1
München, Bayern 80539
Germany

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