The Changing Nature of Gender Selection into Employment: Europe Over the Great Recession

43 Pages Posted: 1 May 2017

See all articles by Juan Jose Dolado

Juan Jose Dolado

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

C. Garcia-Peñalosa

National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS) - GREQAM; CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Linas Tarasonis

Vilnius University; Bank of Lithuania

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the role played by selectivity issues induced by nonemployment in explaining gender wage gap patterns in the EU since the onset of the Great Recession. We show that male selection into the labour market, traditionally disregarded, has increased. This is particularly the case in peripheral EU countries, where dramatic drops in male unskilled jobs have taken place during the crisis. As regards female selection, traditionally positive, we document mixed findings. While it has declined in some countries, as a result of increasing female LFP due to an added-worker effect, it has become even more positive in other countries. This is due to adverse labour demand shifts in industries which are intensive in temporary work where women are over-represented. These adverse shifts may have more than offset the rise in unskilled female labour supply.

Keywords: sample selection, gender wage gaps, gender employment gaps

JEL Classification: J31

Suggested Citation

Dolado, Juan Jose and Garcia-Penalosa, Cecilia and Tarasonis, Linas, The Changing Nature of Gender Selection into Employment: Europe Over the Great Recession. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10729, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2960538

Juan Jose Dolado (Contact Author)

Universidad Carlos III de Madrid - Department of Economics ( email )

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

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CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

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Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa

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CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

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Linas Tarasonis

Vilnius University ( email )

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Lithuania

Bank of Lithuania ( email )

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