Routine and Ageing? The Intergenerational Divide in the Deroutinisation of Jobs in Europe

27 Pages Posted: 1 May 2017

See all articles by Piotr Lewandowski

Piotr Lewandowski

Warsaw School of Economics (SGH)

Roma Keister

Institute for Structural Research (IBS)

Wojciech Hardy

Institute for Structural Research (IBS)

Szymon Górka

Institute for Structural Research (IBS)

Abstract

This paper analyses the age dimension of changes in the task composition of jobs in 12 European countries between 1998 and 2014. We use the approach proposed by Autor et al. (2003) and Acemoglu & Autor (2011), and combine O*NET occupation content data with EU-LFS individual data to construct five task content measures: non-routine cognitive analytical, non-routine cognitive interpersonal, routine cognitive, routine manual, and nonroutine manual physical. We estimate occupation-level and worker-level regressions and find that the shift away from routine work and toward non-routine work occurred much faster among workers born between 1970 and 1989 than among workers born between 1950 and 1969. In the majority of countries, the ageing of the workforce occurred more quickly in occupations that were initially more routine-intensive, as the share of young workers in these occupations was declining. Individuals in these occupations were increasingly likely to be unemployed, especially if they were between the ages of 15 and 34.

Keywords: task content of jobs, routinisation, ageing, occupational change, O*NET

JEL Classification: J21, J23, J24

Suggested Citation

Lewandowski, Piotr and Keister, Roma and Hardy, Wojciech and Górka, Szymon, Routine and Ageing? The Intergenerational Divide in the Deroutinisation of Jobs in Europe. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10732, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2960541 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2960541

Piotr Lewandowski (Contact Author)

Warsaw School of Economics (SGH) ( email )

aleja Niepodleglosci 162
PL-Warsaw, 02-554
Poland

Roma Keister

Institute for Structural Research (IBS) ( email )

Wiśniowa 40B/8, 02-520
Warsaw
Poland

Wojciech Hardy

Institute for Structural Research (IBS) ( email )

Wiśniowa 40B/8, 02-520
Warsaw
Poland

Szymon Górka

Institute for Structural Research (IBS)

Wiśniowa 40B/8, 02-520
Warsaw
Poland

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