How Far is Too Far? New Evidence on Abortion Clinic Closures, Access, and Abortions

62 Pages Posted: 1 May 2017 Last revised: 7 May 2021

See all articles by Scott Cunningham

Scott Cunningham

Baylor University

Jason M. Lindo

Texas A&M University; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Caitlin Knowles Myers

Middlebury College; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Andera Schlosser

Baylor University

Date Written: April 2017

Abstract

We document the effects of abortion-clinic closures on clinic access, abortions, and births using variation generated by a law that shuttered nearly half of Texas' clinics. Increases in distance have significant effects for women initially living within 200 miles of a clinic. The largest effect is for those nearest to clinics for whom a 25-mile increase reduces abortion 10%. We also demonstrate the importance of congestion with a proxy capturing effects of closures which have little impact on distance but which reduce clinics per-capita. These effects account for 59% of the effects of clinic closures on abortion.

Suggested Citation

Cunningham, Scott and Lindo, Jason M. and Myers, Caitlin Knowles and Schlosser, Andrea, How Far is Too Far? New Evidence on Abortion Clinic Closures, Access, and Abortions (April 2017). NBER Working Paper No. w23366, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2961090

Scott Cunningham (Contact Author)

Baylor University ( email )

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Jason M. Lindo

Texas A&M University ( email )

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

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IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

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Caitlin Knowles Myers

Middlebury College ( email )

Middlebury, VT 05753

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Andrea Schlosser

Baylor University ( email )

Waco, TX 76798
United States

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