Infant Mortality and the Repeal of Federal Prohibition

58 Pages Posted: 1 May 2017

See all articles by David S. Jacks

David S. Jacks

Simon Fraser University (SFU) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Krishna Pendakur

Simon Fraser University (SFU) - Department of Economics

Hitoshi Shigeoka

Simon Fraser University (SFU); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: April 2017

Abstract

Exploiting new data on county-level variation in alcohol prohibition from 1933 to 1939, we investigate whether the repeal of federal prohibition increased infant mortality, both in counties that repealed and in their neighboring counties. Using a binomial fixed-effects model, we find that repeal is associated with a 4.0% increase in infant mortality rates in counties that chose wet status via local option elections or state-wide legislation and with a 4.7% increase in neighboring dry counties, suggesting a role for cross-border policy externalities. Cumulatively, these estimates imply 26,960 infant deaths that could potentially be attributed to the repeal of federal prohibition.

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Suggested Citation

Jacks, David S. and Pendakur, Krishna and Shigeoka, Hitoshi, Infant Mortality and the Repeal of Federal Prohibition (April 2017). NBER Working Paper No. w23372. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2961096

David S. Jacks (Contact Author)

Simon Fraser University (SFU) - Department of Economics ( email )

8888 University Drive
Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6
Canada

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Krishna Pendakur

Simon Fraser University (SFU) - Department of Economics ( email )

8888 University Drive
Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6
Canada

Hitoshi Shigeoka

Simon Fraser University (SFU) ( email )

8888 University Drive
Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6
Canada
(778)782-5348 (Phone)
(778)782-5348 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/hshigeoka/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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