Immigration, Employment and Social Expenditures in Canadian Public Policy: Redistributive or Regulatory?
Ahmed, Shamsuddin (2017). Immigration, Employment and Social Expenditures in Canadian Public Policy: Redistributive or Regulatory? International Journal of Arts and Sciences-Humanities and Social Sciences Review; ISSN: 2165-6258; 06 (02): 415–440 (2017)
25 Pages Posted: 2 May 2017
Date Written: December 14, 2016
This research paper seeks to synthesise the queries whether the trends of immigration, employment, and social expenditures are a regulatory or redistributive pattern in Canada. Four fundamental and relational issues are explored. The annual inflow of immigrants and the persistent employment of active labours appear to be a conventional relationship with social expenditures as a grounded theory what is noticeable from the federal government’s historical records and moderately to employment versus population dispersions at the local context. Statistical results of the past three consecutive decades indicate that the key societal values such as the number of population and the scope of employment, apart from the association of social expenditure, standardise the dispersion and displacement of immigration influx. Analysis of regional spatial data indicates that highly populated areas, settlement types, and dwelling values chiefly normalise both the magnitude and the diversity of Canadian immigrants and delineate the patterns in a regional population that ultimately regulate the employments and social expenditures.
Keywords: employment, immigration, population, social expenditures, trends
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