最低賃金の変化が就業と貧困に与える影響 (Impact of Change in Minimum Wage on Employment and Poverty in Japan)

30 Pages Posted: 12 Jul 2018

See all articles by Mika Akesaka

Mika Akesaka

Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University

Yukiko Ito

Japan Center for Economic Research

Fumio Ohtake

Osaka University - Center for Infectious Disease Education and Research

Date Written: April 24, 2017

Abstract

Japanese Abstract: 本研究では、『就業構造基本調査』の個票データを用いて、最低賃金 が就業と貧困に与える影響について分析を行った。 最低賃金の引き上げが就業に与える影響はつぎの3点にまとめられ る。(1)15 歳から19 歳の男性就業率を低下させる。(2)50 歳以上 の労働者では雇用就業率を低下させ、自営業・内職就業率を上昇させる。 (3)多くの労働者の労働時間を減少させる。一方、最低賃金が貧困に 与える影響として、第1に最低賃金で働いている労働者のうち貧困ライ ンを下回るものは貧困者のうち約15%にすぎないこと、第2 に、最低 賃金を引き上げると貧困率を上昇させることを明らかにした。

English Abstract: This paper analyzes the impact of change in minimum wage on employment and poverty in Japan using micro data from the Employment Status Survey (Shugyo Kozo Kihon Chosa), which is a large-scale government household survey. Using regression analysis, we find that an increase in minimum wage decreases the employment rate of males aged 15–19 years, decreases the percentage of employees, increases the percentage of self-employed and homeworkers in the case of those aged 50 years and above, decreases working hours of most employees. In addition, approximately 15% of the employees working at the minimum wage level belong to households with incomes below the poverty line, and an increase in the minimum wage increases the poverty rate.

Note: Downloadable document is in Japanese.

Keywords: Minimum Wage Employment, Poverty

JEL Classification: J23, J38, I32

Suggested Citation

Akesaka, Mika and Ito, Yukiko and Ohtake, Fumio, 最低賃金の変化が就業と貧困に与える影響 (Impact of Change in Minimum Wage on Employment and Poverty in Japan) (April 24, 2017). ISER Discussion Paper No. 999, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2961606 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2961606

Mika Akesaka

Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University ( email )

6-1 Mihogaoka
Ibaraki city, Ibaraki, Osaka 5670047
Japan

Yukiko Ito

Japan Center for Economic Research ( email )

Nikkei Inc. Bldg. 11F
1-3-7 Otemachi
Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8066
Japan

Fumio Ohtake (Contact Author)

Osaka University - Center for Infectious Disease Education and Research ( email )

1-7 Machikaneyamacho
Toyonaka
Osaka, 560-0043
Japan

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