EU Policies and Global Food Security

LICOS Discussion Paper Series No. 392/2017

38 Pages Posted: 2 May 2017

See all articles by Jean-Christophe Bureau

Jean-Christophe Bureau

AgroParisTech-INRA (National Institute for Agricultural Research)

Johan F. M. Swinnen

KU Leuven - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance (LICOS); European Commission, DG II

Date Written: March 20, 2017

Abstract

This paper reviews evidence on the impact of EU policies on global food security, focusing on four EU policy areas: agricultural policy, bioenergy policy, trade policy, and development (food aid) policy. Old concerns related to the detrimental impact of EU farm subsidies, food aid and tariffs on poor countries’ food security. New concerns relate to impacts of EU food standards and bioenergy policies. The EU policies which created the largest distortions on global markets (in the area of trade, agriculture, food aid, and bioenergy) have been substantially reformed over the past decades. Recent global food price fluctuations have also re-emphasized that the impact of EU policies on the poor’s food security differ depending on whether these are consumers or producers, or whether countries are exporters or importers. Overall, our review explains that in many areas the impact of EU policies on global food security is less obvious and more complex than often argued.

Suggested Citation

Bureau, Jean-Christophe and Swinnen, Johan F.M., EU Policies and Global Food Security (March 20, 2017). LICOS Discussion Paper Series No. 392/2017. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2961695 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2961695

Jean-Christophe Bureau (Contact Author)

AgroParisTech-INRA (National Institute for Agricultural Research) ( email )

BP1 Economie
INRA-AgroParisTech
78850 Grignon, 78850
France

HOME PAGE: http://perso.club-internet.fr/jcbureau

Johan F.M. Swinnen

KU Leuven - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance (LICOS) ( email )

Waaistraat 6
Leuven, B-3000
Belgium

European Commission, DG II ( email )

Wetstrath 200
Office 15172
1049 Brussels
Belgium
+32-2-2960442 (Phone)
Not available (Fax)

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