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Social Networks and the Enforcement of International Law

Edward Elgar Research Handbook on the Sociology of International Law (Andrew Lang & Moshe Hirsch eds., 2017). Forthcoming

iCourts Working Paper Series No. 93

22 Pages Posted: 3 May 2017  

Shai Dothan

University of Copenhagen - iCourts - Centre of Excellence for International Courts

Date Written: May 2, 2017

Abstract

Social Network Analysis has a growing influence on legal scholarship. By investigating social connections between individuals or institutions, hypotheses about their behavior can be raised and tested. One of the key debates in Social Network Analysis is whether interactions within the network can help improve the information held by its members (the "Bandwidth hypothesis") or do they instead corrupt the information held by the members by amplifying their biases (the "Echo hypothesis"). The paper argues that the network of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) which try to enforce the judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) on recalcitrant states processes information well and complies with the Bandwidth hypothesis. It draws on an earlier empirical study that used both quantitative and qualitative methods to show that NGOs focus most of their attention on severe violations and legally important cases. This study also showed that NGOs tend to focus on states that usually comply with international law rather than states that usually violate their international obligations. This finding has valuable implications for the understanding of reputational sanctions among states in the international arena.

Keywords: Social Network Analysis, Reputation, Non-Governmental Organizations, European Court of Human Rights

Suggested Citation

Dothan, Shai, Social Networks and the Enforcement of International Law (May 2, 2017). Edward Elgar Research Handbook on the Sociology of International Law (Andrew Lang & Moshe Hirsch eds., 2017). Forthcoming ; iCourts Working Paper Series No. 93. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2961715

Shai Dothan (Contact Author)

University of Copenhagen - iCourts - Centre of Excellence for International Courts ( email )

Studiestraede 6
Copenhagen, DK-1455
Denmark

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