What Makes Vietnamese (Not) Attend Periodic General Health Examinations? A 2016 Cross-Sectional Study
Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives, Vol.8, No. 2, pp. 147-154. DOI:10.24171/j.phrp.2017.8.2.07.
8 Pages Posted: 2 May 2017
Date Written: May 2, 2017
Objectives: General health examinations (GHE) have become an increasingly common measure for preventive medicine in Vietnam. However, little is known about the factors among Vietnamese people who attend or miss GHE. Budget or time constraints remain to be evaluated for better-informed policy making. This study investigates factors affecting behaviors in attending periodic GHE. The main objectives are as follows: (1) to explore empirical relationships between influencing factors and periodic GHE frequencies, and (2) to predict the probabilities of attending GHE under associated conditions.
Methods: The study used a 2,068-observational dataset, obtained from a Vietnamese survey in 2016. The analysis was then performed using the methods of baseline-category logits for establishing relationships between predictor and response variables.
Results: Significant relationships were found among the expenditure and time consumption, health priority and sensitivity to health data, insurance status, and frequency of GHE, with most p-values = 0.01.
Conclusion: Generally, people attended the GHE when they had the resources and health priorities (72.7% probability). Expenditure and time remain key obstacles to the periodic GHE. Health priority and health data are important in improving rates for GHEs. Health insurance should play a positive role in promoting the GHE.
Keywords: general health examination, health insurance, medical costs, health service consumers, Vietnam
JEL Classification: I18
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation