Home Equity and Labor Income: The Role of Constrained Mobility
73 Pages Posted: 5 May 2017 Last revised: 3 Jun 2019
Date Written: June 2019
Using detailed data for homeowners in the U.S., we document a negative, non-linear relation between the loan-to-value ratio (LTV) of the primary residence and labor income. Consistent with constrained mobility for high LTV individuals, we find stronger effects among sub-prime, liquidity constrained individuals and those living in regions with limited local alternate employment opportunities and strict non-compete law enforcement. Though high LTV individuals are less likely to move residences across MSAs, they are more likely to change jobs without changing their residence. We find no similar effects among neighboring renters employed at the same firm with the same job role.
Keywords: Home Equity, Mortgage Debt, Income, Labor Mobility, Debt Overhang
JEL Classification: D10, G21, J30, J62, J61, R20
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation