Some Controversies Regarding Necessity in Criminal Law/Unele Controverse Privind Starea De Necesitate În Dreptul Penal

International Scientific Conference ”Challenges and Strategies in Public Order and Safety”, Alexandru Ioan Cuza Police Academy - Bucharest, Romania May 17-18, 2017

Posted: 5 May 2017

See all articles by Ionut Andrei Barbu

Ionut Andrei Barbu

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Police Academy

Alexandru Magureanu

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Police Academy

Date Written: May 5, 2017

Abstract

English Abstract: The Criminal Code in force includes state of necessity among the justifying causes. Overcoming the limits imposed by art. 20 of the Criminal Code, by the person who at the moment of committing the act did not realize they were causing consequences that were clearly more serious than those that would have occurred had the threat not been removed, may determine the transformation of this justifying cause into a non-imputability one (non-accountable excessiveness –art. 26 of the Criminal Code). Many of the controversies regarding the state of necessity still remain, even after the entry into force of the Criminal Code in 2014. The paper aims to discuss some of these controversies (without the pretense of exhausting the subject) such as: the fundamental of the state of necessity; the possibility of considering as necessity some criminal actions against patrimony, motivated by need or extreme poverty; the possibility of taking a life in order to save one or more lives.

Romanian Abstract: Codul penal în vigoare include starea de necesitate în rândul cauzelor justificative. Depăşirea condiţiilor descrise de art. 20 C. pen., de către persoana care nu şi-a dat seama, în momentul comiterii faptei, că pricinuieşte urmări vădit mai grave, poate determina transformarea acestei cauze justificative în cauză de neimputabilitate (excesul neimputabil –art. 26 C. pen.). Multe dintre controversele privind starea de necesitate rămân actuale şi în condiţiile Codului penal care a intrat în vigoare în 2014. Lucrarea îşi propune să pună în discuţie unele dintre aceste controverse (fără pretenţia de a le epuiza), precum: fundamentul stării de necesitate; reţinerea stării de necesitate în ipoteza unor fapte îndreptate împotriva patrimoniului, motivate de nevoie sau de sărăcie extreme; posibilitatea luării unei vieţi pentru a salva una sau mai multe vieţi, în condiţiile stării de necesitate.

Keywords: state of necessity, justifying cause, cause of non-imputability, right to life / stare de necesitate, cauză justificativă, cauză de neimputabilitate, dreptul la viaţă

Suggested Citation

Barbu, Ionut Andrei and Magureanu, Alexandru, Some Controversies Regarding Necessity in Criminal Law/Unele Controverse Privind Starea De Necesitate În Dreptul Penal (May 5, 2017). International Scientific Conference ”Challenges and Strategies in Public Order and Safety”, Alexandru Ioan Cuza Police Academy - Bucharest, Romania May 17-18, 2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2963501

Ionut Andrei Barbu (Contact Author)

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Police Academy ( email )

Nightingale Avenue, Nr. 1-3
Sector 1
Bucharest
Romania

Alexandru Magureanu

Alexandru Ioan Cuza University - Police Academy ( email )

Nightingale Avenue, Nr. 1-3
Sector 1
Bucharest, 014031
Romania

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