Dismantling the 'Jungle': Migrant Relocation and Extreme Voting in France
35 Pages Posted: 6 May 2017 Last revised: 17 Dec 2020
Date Written: December 16, 2020
Large migrant inflows have in the past spurred anti-immigrant sentiment, but is there a way small inflows can have a different impact? In this paper, we exploit the redistribution of migrants in the aftermath of the dismantling of the ``Calais Jungle" in France to study the impact of the exposure to few migrants. Using an instrumental variables approach, we find that in the presence of a migrant center (CAO), the percentage growth rate of vote shares for the main far-right party (Front National (FN), our proxy for anti-immigrant sentiment) between 2012 and 2017 is reduced by about 11.9 percentage points. These effects, which dissipate spatially and depend on city characteristics, and crucially on the inflow's size, point towards the contact hypothesis (Allport, 1954).
Keywords: Political Economy; Voting; Migration; EU; France; Migrants
JEL Classification: C36, D72, J15, P16, R23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation