Mining, Political Settlements and Inclusive Development in Peru

ESID Working Paper No. 79. Manchester: Effective States and Inclusive Development Research Centre, The University of Manchester

57 Pages Posted: 8 May 2017

See all articles by Cynthia Sanborn

Cynthia Sanborn

Universidad del Pacifico

Tania Ramírez Ramírez

Universidad del Pacifico

Veronica Hurtado Lozada

Universidad del Pacifico; University of British Columbia (UBC)

Date Written: May 2, 2017

Abstract

This paper examines how economic and political factors have influenced mineral extraction, governance and development in Peru since the late 19th century. It argues that the legacies of the past have weighed heavily in contemporary mining governance, but also points to moments in which shifting political alliances and agency aimed to alter past legacies and introduce positive institutional change. The authors identify three historical periods characterised by relatively stable arrangements for the distribution of power, each with implications for state-building and extractive governance. For the most recent period (post-2000), they discuss how the response of democratic governments to socio-environmental conflict has included the creation of institutions to redistribute mining rents, regulate environmental impacts and promote indigenous participation. However, they argue that political instability and fragmentation have inhibited the effectiveness and legitimacy of these institutions and of longer-term policymaking in general, which in turn helps explain Peru’s persistent reliance on natural resource extraction and the challenges to more inclusive and sustainable development.

Keywords: Peru, mining, political settlements, inclusive development, extractive industries, neoliberalism

Suggested Citation

Sanborn, Cynthia and Ramírez, Tania Ramírez and Hurtado Lozada, Enilda Veronica Beatriz and Hurtado Lozada, Enilda Veronica Beatriz, Mining, Political Settlements and Inclusive Development in Peru (May 2, 2017). ESID Working Paper No. 79. Manchester: Effective States and Inclusive Development Research Centre, The University of Manchester, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2963665 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2963665

Cynthia Sanborn (Contact Author)

Universidad del Pacifico

Av. Salaverry 2020
Región Metropolitana
Lima 18, Santiago Lima 11
Peru

Tania Ramírez Ramírez

Universidad del Pacifico ( email )

Av. Salaverry 2020
Región Metropolitana
Lima 18, Santiago Lima 11
Peru

Enilda Veronica Beatriz Hurtado Lozada

Universidad del Pacifico ( email )

Av. Salaverry 2020
Región Metropolitana
Lima 18, Santiago Lima 11
Peru

University of British Columbia (UBC) ( email )

2329 West Mall
Vancouver, British Columbia BC V6T 1Z4
Canada

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