ISIL, the Syrian Conflict, Sexual Violence, and the Way Forward: Syrian Women's Inclusion in the Peace Processes
34 Pages Posted: 9 May 2017
Date Written: 2016
Today, we face the prospect of a Syrian peace agreement with disappointment at its delay and frustration that, yet again, negotiators embrace a framework that ignores obligations under international law to include the participation of women civil society members. While the international community has mandated women’s full and equal participation in all aspects of peace and security efforts through U.N. Security Council Resolution 1325 and its subsequent resolutions, there remain significant barriers to the comprehensive implementation of the women, peace and security agenda in policy and practice.
Superimposed onto the civil war in the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria) is a global battle for influence, with weapons pouring in from multiple countries to the Syrian military, ISIL, and other armed groups. As the international community’s attention inevitably turns to these outside actors, what must not be lost in the geopolitical wrangling, is that the most viable solutions lie within Syrian civil society, and in particular among the organized base of Syrian women’s groups. The international community, however, has marginalized the voices of Syrian women in a faltering peace process that to date shows poor chances of producing a lasting cease-fire, much less signed peace accords. In the midst of the conflict, sustainable measures for the prevention and protection against gender-based violence are at risk of being ignored and forgotten.
Keywords: Syria, Women's Rights, Human Rights, Peace Processes, Peace Negotiations, Conflict, Middle East
JEL Classification: K33, N45, D74, D78
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation