'Keeping it Personal' or 'Getting Real'? On the Drivers and Effectiveness of Personal versus Real Loan Guarantees
54 Pages Posted: 9 May 2017
Date Written: May 8, 2017
Little is known about the drivers and effectiveness of personal as opposed to real loan guarantees provided by firms. This paper studies a dataset of 477,209 loan contracts granted over the 2006-2014 period by one Spanish financial institution consisting of several distinguishable organisational units. While personal guarantees are mostly driven by the economic environment as reflected in firm and bank conditions, real guarantees are mostly explained by loan characteristics. In response to higher capital requirements imposed by the European authorities in 2011, personal guarantee requirements increased significantly more than their real counterparts. Our results imply that personal guarantees can discipline firms in their risk-taking, but their overuse can limit this positive effect and damage their performance.
Keywords: banks, asymmetric information, real guarantees, personal guarantees, risk-taking, capital requirements
JEL Classification: D43, E32, G21, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation