Geographic and Industrial Corporate Diversification: The Level and Structure of Executive Compensation
Posted: 21 Jan 2002
We explore the relation between corporate diversification and CEO compensation. We document that geographic diversification provides a compensation premium, while industrial diversification is associated with lower levels of CEO pay. We also examine the effect of corporate diversification on the structure and performance criteria of CEO compensation contracts. We find that both diversification strategies are associated with a greater use of incentive-based compensation and with a greater reliance on market-based, rather than accounting-based measures of firm performance. Finally, we address the question of whether shareholders reward CEOs for corporate diversification. We document that while value-enhancing geographic diversification is rewarded, non-value-enhancing industrial diversification is penalized.
Keywords: Geographic diversification; Industrial diversification; Performance measures; Executive compensation
JEL Classification: J33, L20, M41, F23
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