The Impact of Macroprudential Policies and Their Interaction with Monetary Policy: An Empirical Analysis Using Credit Registry Data

43 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2017

See all articles by Leonardo Gambacorta

Leonardo Gambacorta

Bank for International Settlements (BIS); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Andrés Murcia

Banco de la República

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Date Written: May 2017

Abstract

This paper summarises the results of a joint research project by eight central banks in the Americas region to evaluate the effectiveness of macroprudential tools and their interaction with monetary policy. In particular, using meta-analysis techniques, we summarise the results for five Latin American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and Peru) that use confidential bank-loan data. The use of granular credit registry data helps us to disentangle loan demand from loan supply effects without making strong assumptions. Results from another three countries (Canada, Chile and the United States) corroborate the analysis using data for credit origination and borrower characteristics. The main conclusions are that (i) macroprudential policies have been quite effective in stabilising credit cycles. The propagation of the effects to credit growth is more rapid (they materialise after one quarter) for policies aimed at curbing the cycle than for policies aimed at fostering resilience (which take effect within a year); and (ii) macroprudential tools have a greater effect on credit growth when reinforced by the use of monetary policy to push in the same direction.

Paper produced as part of the BIS Consultative Council for the Americas (CCA) research project on "The impact of macroprudential policies: an empirical analysis using credit registry data" implemented by a Working Group of the CCA Consultative Group of Directors of Financial Stability (CGDFS).

Keywords: macroprudential policies, bank lending, credit registry data, meta-analysis

JEL Classification: E43, E58, G18, G28

Suggested Citation

Gambacorta, Leonardo and Murcia, Andrés, The Impact of Macroprudential Policies and Their Interaction with Monetary Policy: An Empirical Analysis Using Credit Registry Data (May 2017). BIS Working Paper No. 636, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2967307

Leonardo Gambacorta (Contact Author)

Bank for International Settlements (BIS) ( email )

Centralbahnplatz 2
Basel, Basel-Stadt 4002
Switzerland

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Andrés Murcia

Banco de la República ( email )

Carrera 7 #14-78
3551 de Bogotá
Colombia

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