Eurocoin: A Real Time Coincident Indicator of the Euro Area Business Cycle

49 Pages Posted: 15 Jan 2002  

Filippo Altissimo

Brevan Howard Asset Management LLP

Antonio Bassanetti

Bank of Italy

Riccardo Cristadoro

Bank of Italy

Mario Forni

Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE) - Faculty of Business and Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Marc Hallin

ECARES, Universite Libre de Bruxelles

Marco Lippi

Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche (DiSSE); Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF)

Lucrezia Reichlin

London Business School; Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); European Central Bank (ECB)

Giovanni Veronese

Bank of Italy

Date Written: December 2001

Abstract

This Paper is the result of the Bank of Italy-CEPR project to construct a monthly coincident indicator of the business cycle of the euro area. The index is estimated on the basis of a harmonized data set of monthly statistics of the euro area (951 series) which we constructed from a variety of sources. We use the information of this large panel to obtain an indicator which has three characteristics: (i) it provides real time information on monthly coincident activity since it is updated as new information become available in a non-synchronous way; (ii) it is cleaned from noise originated from measurement error and idiosyncratic national and sectoral dynamics; (iii) it is cleaned from seasonal and short-run dynamics through a filter that requires very little revision at the end of the sample. Unlike other methods used in the literature, the procedure takes into consideration the cross-country as well as the within-country correlation structure and exploits all information on dynamic cross-correlations. As a by product of our analysis, we provide a characterization of the commonality and dynamic relations of the series in the data set with respect to the coincident indicator and a dating of the euro area cycle.

Keywords: Business cycle, dynamic factor model

JEL Classification: C51, E32, O30

Suggested Citation

Altissimo, Filippo and Bassanetti, Antonio and Cristadoro, Riccardo and Forni, Mario and Hallin, Marc and Lippi, Marco and Reichlin, Lucrezia and Veronese, Giovanni, Eurocoin: A Real Time Coincident Indicator of the Euro Area Business Cycle (December 2001). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 3108. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=296860

Filippo Altissimo (Contact Author)

Brevan Howard Asset Management LLP ( email )

2nd Floor Almack House
28 King Street
London, SW1Y 6XA
United Kingdom

Antonio Bassanetti

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy

Riccardo Cristadoro

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Servizio Studi
00184 Roma
Italy
+39 06 4792 3341 (Phone)
+39 06 4792 3720 (Fax)

Mario Forni

Università degli studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia (UNIMORE) - Faculty of Business and Economics ( email )

Viale Berengario 51
41100 Modena, Modena 41100
Italy
+39 059 205 6852 (Phone)
+39 059 205 6947 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

Marc Hallin

ECARES, Universite Libre de Bruxelles ( email )

Ave. Franklin D Roosevelt, 50 - C.P. 114
Brussels, B-1050
Belgium
+32 2 650 5886 (Phone)
+32 2 650 5899 (Fax)

Marco Lippi

Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche (DiSSE) ( email )

14 Via Cesalpino
Rome, 00161
Italy
+39 06 4428 4202 (Phone)
+39 06 4404 572 (Fax)

Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF) ( email )

Via Due Macelli, 73
Rome, 00187
Italy

Lucrezia Reichlin

London Business School ( email )

Sussex Place
Regent's Park
London, London NW1 4SA
United Kingdom

Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) - European Center for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES) ( email )

Ave. Franklin D Roosevelt, 50 - C.P. 114
Brussels, B-1050
Belgium
+32 2 650 4221 (Phone)
+32 2 650 4475 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Giovanni Furio Veronese

Bank of Italy ( email )

Via Nazionale 91
Rome, 00184
Italy
+49 621 189 1886 (Phone)
+49 621 189 1884 (Fax)

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