Interconnectedness and Contagion in International Real Estate Investment Trusts
19 Pages Posted: 18 May 2017
Date Written: May 10, 2017
This paper investigates interconnectedness and contagion effects of the US global financial crisis and the European debt crisis across eight longest-established real estate investment trust markets in the US, Canada, Australia, Japan, Singapore, France, Belgium and Netherlands over the period from October 2003 to December 2016. Using the connectedness indexes developed by Diebold and Yilmaz (2012, 2014 and 2016) and supplementing with selected net directional pairwise network graphs, we find their volatility connectedness was less strong than that of stock markets. Additionally, the volatility connectedness experienced a decrease of over 10% over the full sample period, implying that their slower globalization progress and lower financial integration level, as well as have different patterns of volatility connectedness from the corresponding stock markets. Volatility market connectedness was mainly caused by the cross-market contagion during unstable periods. The rolling sample analysis confirms significant market contagion effects during crises, such as Lehman Brothers Bankruptcy (GFC) and looming financial crisis in Europe (EDC), though the effects varied widely among the REIT markets. Finally, the net directional connectedness was time varying and experienced a shit in terms of net volatility shock transmitters and receivers for the markets due to different nature of crises. Our study reveals fresh evidence of interconnectedness and contagion effects across international REIT markets and indicate the importance of policy countermeasure in reacting to economic and financial crisis.
Keywords: Volatility Connectedness, Contagion, Net Directional Connectedness Indexes, Crisis Causation, Real Estate Investment Trusts
JEL Classification: G01, G15, G19
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation