Does Entry Regulation Hinder Job Creation? Evidence from the French Retail Industry

54 Pages Posted: 21 Jan 2002

See all articles by Marianne Bertrand

Marianne Bertrand

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Francis Kramarz

Independent

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: January 2002

Abstract

Are product market and entry regulation key sources of low employment growth in many European countries? We investigate this question in the context of the French retail trade industry. Since 1974, approval by regional zoning boards has been required for the creation or extension of any large retail store in France. We exploit a unique database that provides time and region specific variation in boards' approval decisions. We show that stronger deterrence of entry by the boards, and the increase in large retail chains' concentration it induced, slowed down employment growth in France.

Keywords: Zoning Regulation, Retail Trade, Employment

JEL Classification: J23, L43, L81

Suggested Citation

Bertrand, Marianne and Kramarz, Francis, Does Entry Regulation Hinder Job Creation? Evidence from the French Retail Industry (January 2002). IZA Discussion Paper No. 415. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=297090

Marianne Bertrand

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business ( email )

5807 S. Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-834-5943 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://gsbwww.uchicago.edu/fac/marianne.bertrand/vita/cv_0604.pdf

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States
617-588-0341 (Phone)
617-876-2742 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

Francis Kramarz (Contact Author)

Independent

No Address Available

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