Gender Differences in the Benefits of an Influential Early Childhood Program

38 Pages Posted: 22 May 2017

See all articles by Jorge Luis García

Jorge Luis García

affiliation not provided to SSRN

James J. Heckman

University of Chicago - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); American Bar Foundation; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Anna Ziff

University of Chicago

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Abstract

This paper estimates gender differences in life-cycle impacts across multiple domains of an influential enriched early childhood program targeted toward disadvantaged children that was evaluated by the method of random assignment. We assess the impacts of the program on promoting or alleviating population differences in outcomes by gender. For many outcomes, boys benefit relatively more from high-quality center childcare programs compared to low-quality programs. For them, home care, even in disadvantaged environments, is more beneficial than lower-quality center childcare for many outcomes. This phenomenon is not found for girls. We investigate the sources of the gender differentials in impacts.

Keywords: gender differences, childcare, early childhood education, health, randomized trials, substitution bias

JEL Classification: J13, I28, C93

Suggested Citation

Garcia, Jorge Luis and Heckman, James J. and Ziff, Anna, Gender Differences in the Benefits of an Influential Early Childhood Program. IZA Discussion Paper No. 10758. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2971354

Jorge Luis Garcia (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

James J. Heckman

University of Chicago - Department of Economics ( email )

1126 East 59th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
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773-702-0634 (Phone)
773-702-8490 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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American Bar Foundation

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Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

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CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

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Munich, DE-81679
Germany

Anna Ziff

University of Chicago ( email )

1101 East 58th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

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