Evidence on the Production of Cognitive Achievement from Moving to Opportunity

29 Pages Posted: 25 May 2017

See all articles by Dionissi Aliprantis

Dionissi Aliprantis

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Date Written: May 12, 2017

Abstract

This paper performs a subgroup analysis on the effect of receiving a Moving to Opportunity (MTO) housing voucher on test scores. I find evidence of heterogeneity by number of children in the household in Boston, gender in Chicago, and race/ethnicity in Los Angeles. To study the mechanisms driving voucher effect heterogeneity, I develop a generalized Rubin Causal Model and propose an estimator to identify transition-specific Local Average Treatment Effects (LATEs) of school and neighborhood quality. Although I cannot identify such LATEs with the MTO data, the analysis demonstrates that membership in a specific demographic group is more predictive of voucher effects than is the group’s average change in school or neighborhood quality. I discuss some possible explanations.

Keywords: Two-Dimensional Treatment, Rubin Causal Model, School Effect, Neighborhood Effect, Local Average Treatment Effect, Education Production Function (EPF), Moving to Opportunity

JEL Classification: C31, C36, C50, D04, I20, I38, R23

Suggested Citation

Aliprantis, Dionissi, Evidence on the Production of Cognitive Achievement from Moving to Opportunity (May 12, 2017). FRB of Cleveland Working Paper No. 17-07, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2973975 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2973975

Dionissi Aliprantis (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Banks - Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland ( email )

East 6th & Superior
Cleveland, OH 44101-1387
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
20
Abstract Views
339
PlumX Metrics