Gauging US and EU Seal Regimes in the Arctic Against Inuit Sovereignty

The European Union and the Arctic, edited by Nengye Liu, Elizabeth A. Kirk, and Tore Henriksen, 2017

36 Pages Posted: 2 Oct 2017

See all articles by Michael Fakhri

Michael Fakhri

University of Oregon - School of Law

Date Written: May 26, 2017

Abstract

The US and EU each enacted seal hunting moratoriums that provide an exception for indigenous hunters. This paper compares the respective seal regimes – the US marine mammal conservation laws and the 2015 EU trade import ban – because seal hunting is a practice that not only provides sustenance and income to Inuit and other indigenous peoples, it also defines self-hood in the Arctic. This chapter argues that whoever regulates animals is in effect regulating land and water of where animals live. And to regulate a space leads to regulating people by restricting their activities. The seal regimes are principal ways each authority negotiates its relationship with Arctic indigenous communities and expresses power in the Arctic. As such, I conclude that the EU, through its seal regime, is in effect projecting sovereign power beyond its existing territorial boundaries, and re-configuring Inuit relationships to seals, land, and water.

Keywords: Indigenous rights, Seal hunting, international trade

JEL Classification: K33, Q37, F13

Suggested Citation

Fakhri, Michael, Gauging US and EU Seal Regimes in the Arctic Against Inuit Sovereignty (May 26, 2017). The European Union and the Arctic, edited by Nengye Liu, Elizabeth A. Kirk, and Tore Henriksen, 2017, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2974907

Michael Fakhri (Contact Author)

University of Oregon - School of Law ( email )

1515 Agate Street
Eugene, OR Oregon 97403
United States

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