Robotized and Automated Warehouse Systems: Review and Recent Developments

61 Pages Posted: 1 Jun 2017 Last revised: 8 May 2018

See all articles by Kaveh Azadeh

Kaveh Azadeh

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM)

M. B. M. de Koster

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Technology and Operations Management

Debjit Roy

Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad

Date Written: May 30, 2017

Abstract

Robotized handling systems are increasingly applied in distribution centers. They require little space, provide flexibility in managing varying demand requirements, and are able to work 24/7. This makes them particularly fit for e-commerce operations. This paper reviews new categories of automated and robotized handling systems, such as the shuttle-based storage and retrieval systems, shuttle-based compact storage systems, and robotic mobile fulfillment systems. For each system, we categorize the literature in three groups: system analysis, design optimization, and operations planning and control. Our focus is to identify the research issue and OR modeling methodology adopted to analyze the problem. We find that many new robotic systems and applications have hardly been studied in academic literature, despite their increasing use in practice. Due to unique system features (such as autonomous control, networked and dynamic operation), new models and methods are needed to address the design and operational control challenges for such systems, in particular, for the integration of subsystems. Integrated robotized warehouse systems will form the next category of warehouses. All vital warehouse design, planning and control logic such as methods to design layout, storage and order picking system selection, storage slotting, order batching, picker routing, and picker to order assignment will have to be revisited for new robotized warehouses.

Keywords: robatized warehouse systems, robotized handling systems

Suggested Citation

Azadeh, Kaveh and de Koster, M.B.M. René and Roy, Debjit, Robotized and Automated Warehouse Systems: Review and Recent Developments (May 30, 2017). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2977779 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2977779

Kaveh Azadeh

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Rotterdam School of Management (RSM) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
Room T08-21
3000 DR Rotterdam, 3000 DR
Netherlands

M.B.M. René De Koster (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Department of Technology and Operations Management ( email )

RSM Erasmus University
PO Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam
Netherlands
+31 10 408 1719 (Phone)
+31 10 408 9014 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.rsm.nl/rdekoster

Debjit Roy

Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad ( email )

Vastrapur
Ahmedabad, Gujarat 380 015
India

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