The Effect of Language Training on Immigrants' Economic Integration - Empirical Evidence from France

44 Pages Posted: 2 Jun 2017

See all articles by Alexia Lochmann

Alexia Lochmann

University Paris-Sorbonne

Hillel Rapoport

Paris School of Economics (PSE)

Biagio Speciale

Paris School of Economics (PSE)

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: May 08, 2017

Abstract

We examine the impact of language training on the economic integration of immigrants in France. The assignment to this training, offered by the French Ministry of the Interior, depends mainly on a precise rule: the training is available when the test score of an initial language exam is below a certain threshold. This eligibility rule creates a discontinuity in the relation between the test result and the variables of interest, which is used to estimate the causal effect of this training, through the method of Regression Discontinuity Design. We find that the number of assigned hours of training significantly increases labor force participation of the treated individuals. The language classes appear to have a larger effect for labor migrants and refugees relative to family migrants, for men and individuals below the median age, and for individuals with higher levels of education. Our estimates suggest that the main channel for the improved labor market participation is the information on job search strategies that immigrants derive from the interaction with their classmates and teachers during classes.

Keywords: immigrants’ integration, language training, Regression Discontinuity Design

JEL Classification: J150, J610, J680

Suggested Citation

Lochmann, Alexia and Rapoport, Hillel and Speciale, Biagio, The Effect of Language Training on Immigrants' Economic Integration - Empirical Evidence from France (May 08, 2017). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 6460. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2978559

Alexia Lochmann

University Paris-Sorbonne ( email )

1 rue Victor Cousin
Paris, IL 75005
France

Hillel Rapoport (Contact Author)

Paris School of Economics (PSE) ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France

Biagio Speciale

Paris School of Economics (PSE) ( email )

48 Boulevard Jourdan
Paris, 75014 75014
France

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